Gingivitis is the name given to the first stage of gum disease. At this point, your gums may be red, swollen and bleed easily when brushed or flossed. Gingivitis is caused by bacteria that grow on the mineralized food particles left in the mouth from poor or missed brushing. The bacteria attack the gums causing the inflammation. At this point, the bone and tissues that hold the teeth in place are usually not damaged and a thorough dental cleaning along with regular brushing and flossing can resolve the problems.
If left untreated, gingivitis can turn into a more serious threat to your teeth. Periodontal disease is the next progression of gingivitis and literally means inflammation around the teeth. Here the gum tissues begin to separate from the teeth forming pockets that trap more food debris and bacteria accelerating the problems. Periodontal disease can advance to the point where the bone and tissues surrounding the teeth cannot hold the tooth in place and it falls out.
While poor dental hygiene is the biggest factor in gum disease, other things can affect whether a person develops gingivitis or periodontal disease. Lifestyle choices such as smoking is highly correlated with gum disease and makes treatment much more difficult. Poor eating habits can also contribute to gum disease, especially for people whose diets are high in sugar content and eat a lot of acidy foods.
Poor nutrition can also lead to diabetes, which is another risk factor for developing gum disease. Diabetes affects how the body processes sugar and can affect circulation and can often result in an increased risk, not only for gum disease but for a variety of infections.
Other diseases can also affect the body’s ability to heal itself such as HIV/AIDS and various cancers. Even some drugs have been shown to have an affect on gum disease. For example, the anticonvulsant drug Dilantin, and the anti-angina drugs Procardia and Adalat all have a measurable affect on gum tissues. Salvia has a protective role to play in reducing gum disease and many over the counter pain relievers can cause a dryness of the mouth reducing the amount of salvia.
Gum disease can also be caused by hormonal changes during pregnancy, menstruation, menopause and puberty can affect the gums making them more sensitive and susceptible to infection and disease. Stress can impact the bodies ability to ward off gum disease as can a predisposition to infection.
Despite that smoking, diabetes, diet, and obesity also have direct ties to both the development of heart and gum disease, a tie that many believe skew direct correlative associations, other factors have been found to support the forthright association. Gum disease creates a condition in which bacteria in the mouth makes it way into the blood stream. This factor alone creates adverse conditions in the heart and arteries. However, the inflammation of the gums and bacteria in the blood also necessitates an immune response that initiates the release of C-reactive protein, a substance released when disease is present. While the presence of bacteria in the blood contributes to inflammation of the heart and blood pathways, C-reactive protein also has the same affect.
When the artery walls become irritated, resulting from bacteria and C-reactive protein, they become inflamed. This shrinks the pathways within them making them smaller than normal. Causing a restriction of proper blood flow, much like a swollen leg can prohibit one form wearing jeans, this inflamed condition also has other consequences. Inflamed tissues in the arteries, much like a sore throat, become rough and raw. This condition inhibits the smooth flow of liquids and particles across the surface of the inner wall; thus allowing plaque, a thick deposit of bad cholesterol, to build up and further reduce blood flow. It is these factors that lead researchers to believe that a direct tie between heart and gum disease, as well as the implications of gum disease on existing heart conditions is becoming quite clear.
No matter the gum and heart disease correlation, there are ways in which one can help prevent the impact gum disease may have on their heart health. By brushing at least twice a day, using bacterial-reducing mouth wash, and seeing the dentist for a routine cleaning once every six months, one can significantly reduce both risks to their oral state as well as their heart. When it comes to the prevention of heart disease, brushing your teeth is a very simplistic solution.
Braces or Invisalign
These are both options that will work for your oral health. The key is to make an individual choice regarding which will be best for your teeth. You will be presented with your option in a clear and concise manner. You can rely on receiving guidance from a qualified and trustworthy professional in making the decision that will be best for you. When you are in need of having your teeth straightened you can count on your orthodontist to offer you excellence for your oral health needs. Invisalign and braces are both designed to offer straight and beautiful teeth. This will be a big decision and you will need every one of your questions answered if you intend on making an informed choice.
Invisalign for Results
Invisalign is a product that is designed to be a bit more discrete while straightening your teeth. This is invisible to the eye. This is clear and smooth and will be worn over your teeth. This will gently and subtly move your teeth. These are aligner trays that are made of smooth and comfortable materials.
Braces and Solutions
Braces will provide you with good solutions for straight teeth issues. The braces have metal brackets that are glued to your teeth. These are then tied together by tiny rubber bands and wires. In this day and age, you have the option of getting brackets that will closely match your teeth.
Comparing with Pros and Cons
*Braces are irremovable, success will be achieved without self discipline
*must wear 24/7 for approximately two years
*the cost may be 1,800 dollars
*brackets and wires must be brushed when brushing teeth on a regular basis
*will need a follow up visit monthly
*only regular brushing is required. No extra maintenance needed.
*approximate cost is 5,000 dollars
*can be rinsed and brushed in rinsing trays, use luke warm water, or a water pick
*eating will not be difficult
*a water pick may be used for cleaning
*food will not get caught
*brushing required after every meal
*they cannot be taken out
*it is hard to determine if success is higher with braces versus Invisalign
*they are not invisible
*tooth movement might cause discomfort
*will need to remove prior to drinking and eating except water
*this may not be the ideal choice for those with back teeth problems or issues
*not necessarily ideal for those who play rough contact sports
Good Options for Good Teeth
Every person will appreciate these two options that will leave your teeth healthy and beautiful. You can have a professional orthodontist help you to decide which will be the right choice for you. You can use the budget options to help you fit this cost into your own budget. Satisfaction will be achieved along with good, healthy, and